The citizens of Serbia have great confidence in their army, which, building on the tradition and values acquired throughout history, has a clear vision for its development and for the defense of the country. The army of this country is a guarantee for its security and well-being.
StampNews.com would like to introduce to our readers' attention a special commemorative stamp two centuries of tradition of the Serbian army. Let's get acquainted with its history together!
By the Decision on the establishment of the Serbian Army Day and other military holidays ("Official Military Gazette", No. 21/15), 23 April was designated the Serbian Army Day to commemorate the day when in 1815, on Palm Sunday, the decision on the beginning of the Second Serbian Uprising for the liberation of Serbia from the Ottoman Empire was made. This date represents a historical turning point that led to the creation of modern Serbian state and enabled the creation of an efficient and modern Serbian army. In addition, besides the beginning of the modernization of society by imitation of European examples and creation of the state and the army, one of the positive consequences of the Second Serbian Uprising is the agrarian reform, which was reflected in the distribution of landowner's land to peasants.
The Second Serbian uprising, as a complex military-diplomatic and state-building process, symbolically began on Palm Sunday according to the old, or on 23 April 1815 according to the new calendar. Military, diplomatic and political activities of insurgents have led to the Serbia's liberation from the supreme Turkish authorities, creation of a standing army and establishment of the Guard of the young men from the village houses best "by stature and reputation". The National Assembly officially announced the name 'soldati' (author's note: 'soldiers'), taking into account the fact that the creation of the standing army, first of the "registers" and later of "soldiers", passed unnoticed by the Porte. Thus, the first recruits were introduced. The standing army lived in barracks and received salary. The first uniforms or 'mundirs' were established.
These first Serbian regular army formations were modeled after the Austrian army, which is a confirmation that the experiences of foreign armies were used in this period also. The Second Serbian Uprising itself is the combination of events guided by faith in the liberation of Serbia using existing military assets and military organization which led to the final liberation and recognition of modern Serbia, as a state with full jurisdiction and an international legal subjectivity at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.