Kingdom of Cilicia – an important part of Armenian history

Kingdom of Cilicia – an important part of Armenian history
6 votedvote

In 2014 on July 4th, 3 stamps dedicated to the theme "Armenian History. Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia" has been put into circulation. The stamps depict 3 sea fortresses of Cilicia: Ayas, Korikos and Anamur.

The kingdom had its origins in the principality founded c. 1080 by the Rubenid dynasty, an alleged offshoot of the larger Bagratid family, which at various times had held the thrones of Armenia and Georgia. Their capital was originally at Tarsus, and later became Sis. Cilicia was a strong ally of the European Crusaders, and saw itself as a bastion of Christendom in the East. It also served as a focus for Armenian nationalism and culture, since Armenia proper was under foreign occupation at the time. Cilicia's significance in Armenian history and statehood is also attested by the transfer of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, spiritual leader of the Armenian people, to the region.

Commercial and military interactions with Europeans brought new Western influences to the Cilician Armenian society. Many aspects of Western European life were adopted by the nobility including chivalry, fashions in clothing, and the use of French titles, names, and language. Moreover, the organization of the Cilician society shifted from its traditional system to become closer to Western feudalism. The European Crusaders themselves borrowed know-how, such as elements of Armenian castle-building and church architecture. Cilician Armenia thrived economically, with the port of Ayas serving as a center for East to West trade.

Add tag

You should contact administrator to place your tags

Leave a Comment

error: Alert: Content is protected!