Celebrating 10 years since the signing of the Basic Political Treaty (2003) on Friendly Relations and Cooperation between Romania and the Russian Federation, Romfilatelia joins the project initiated by the Romanian and Russian Ministries of Foreign Affaires and marks this event by introducing into circulation the anniversary postage stamps issue CULTURE AND SPIRITUALITY – LIAISON FOR A SUSTAINABLE PARTNERSHIP, Romania and the Russian Federation – 10 years since the signing of the Treaty on Friendly Relations and Cooperation.
This issue was illustrated using, on the same postage stamp, two symbols of Romanian and Russian culture: Romanian Athenaeum and Bolshoi Theatre. The two reference edifices from the capital cities of the two countries were chosen to portray this issue precisely because of their symbolic significance and the importance they have in their state history.
After the proclamation of Romania's Independence on 9th May 1877 and its recognition by the great powers of the time - events which propelled the Romanian nation among the modern European nations - the diplomatic relations with Russia were established on 15th October 1878.
The collaboration relations between the Romanian rulers and the Russian tsars, on the background of the fight against the Ottoman domination in the south-eastern Europe, have a rich tradition. Spatharius Nicolae Milescu, Dimitrie Cantemir and other remarkable political and cultural personalities of the Romanian Countries had tight relationships with the Russian tsars. It must be mentioned the fact that Russia was the first European power that appointed consuls in the Romanian Countries in the 18th century: a general consul at Iasi and a viceconsul at Bucharest in 1780. After the 1859 Union, the first international convention concluded by Romania was with Russia (The Telegraphic Convention), through the Agreement of 15th December 1860, which came into force in 1862.
The historical changes of the 20th century that took place in the two countries resulted in the temporary interruption of the relations between Romania and Russia.
After the disappearance of the U.S.S.R., the soviet diplomatic and consular representations in Romania were recognised as diplomatic and consular representations of the Russian Federation, and the mission of our country in Moscow became the Romanian Embassy in the Russian Federation. In July 2003, the official inauguration of the Romanian General Consulate in Saint Petersburg took place, while October 2005 marked the inauguration of the Romanian General Consulate in Rostov-on-Don.
The signing of the Basic Political Treaty in July 2003 and of other billateral documents followed shortly by dialogue increase at the head of state level, head of government, foreign affairs ministers and leadership of parliaments represented a new stage for the Romanian-Russian relationships.