Speed: It is dangerous and an offence to exceed speed limits. Driving too fast is a contributing factor in 75% of the 10 000 fatal crashes on South Africa's roads per year. In less than perfect driving conditions, like decreased visibility due to rain or mist, or on a wet or potholed road, speeds should be reduced.
Alcohol: It is illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
Alcohol affects our vision, judgment, balance and reaction time. Because even one drink can affect you, it is advisable not to drink and drive at all.
Fatigue is a killer: A tired/fatigued driver is a danger on the road. He/she is likely to lose concentration, suffer from performance lapses and from delayed reaction time. A fatigued driver may briefly fall asleep, thus losing complete and immediate control of the vehicle. The vehicle then usually drifts from the lane and can overturn on the side of the road or crash into an oncoming vehicle.
Pedestrian visibility: Of the twelve thousand people killed on South Africa's roads every year, nearly 40% are pedestrians. Half of them are killed at night, when it is difficult for drivers to see them.
Vehicle fitness: All vehicles on South Africa's roads are supposed to be roadworthy, yet many vehicle owners neglect to properly maintain their vehicles. Apart from becoming a target for criminals if you are stuck next to the road in a broken down vehicle, your un-roadworthy vehicle also increases the risk of crashes.