StampNews.com would like to inform that Romfilatelia commemorated the richness of the natural heritage of Romania by introducing into circulation a postage stamp issue dedicated to the species of pelicans living in the country, as part of a broader topic consecrated to protected wildlife from Romanian reserves. In the Danube Delta, we can find two species: the Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) and the Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus).
The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve celebrates this year its 25th anniversary. The only delta in the world entirely declared a biosphere reserve and a UNESCO world heritage site since 1991, it shelters an impressive number of pelicans from both species, these birds being declared a natural monument.
Members of the Pelecanidae family, the pelicans got their name from the ancient Greek words pelekan-pelekus, due to the beaklike an axe. They are large white birds, with large black spots, having a stocky body, a long beak and a yellow-orange bag under it, that can expand. Pelicans are migratory birds that arrive and depart around the spring and summer equinox.
The stamps with face values of lei 3.60, and lei 8.10 reproduce the Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus). This is a big European bird species that nests in colonies in Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Georgia, Ukraine and Russia. This bird’s populations know considerable number variations every year. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve shelters around 3,560-4,160 breeding pairs.
The pelican feeds on fish and hunts in groups. The pelican cannot dive in water because of its large amounts of air in the plumage and air bags inside the body, and because its fat is liquid like fish oil.
The Great White Pelican is the symbol of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.
The stamps with face values of lei 5.00, and lei 9.10, as well as the stamp of the souvenir sheet with the face value of lei 9.10 depict the Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), one of the two European species of pelicans, the rarest and most endangered, which can be seen in Romania.
Currently, the Dalmatian Pelican has the status of a globally vulnerable species.