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Sailing ships as the crucial vessels in the development of Australia

Sailing ships as the crucial vessels in the development of Australia
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StampNews.com got to know that Australian Post has prepared for releasing a set of four stamps dedicated to its sailing history. The issue has been already designed and is scheduled to put into circulation on the 17th of February.

From the earliest days of European exploration, sailing ships were crucial in the development of Australia. Sailing ships carried everything that settlers needed for survival. The journey was often long and dangerous, ranging between six and 13 weeks, depending on weather conditions.

Other hazards were fire and the difficulties of maintaining hygiene. Clipper ships were known as the greyhounds of the sea from their beginnings in the 1840s and represented the pinnacle of sailing ship technology. By the 1850s, the use of clipper ships on the England to Australia route was prominent, with most setting sail for Melbourne.

These sleek sailing ships represented major advancements in design, enabling them to reach destinations more quickly. All the sailing ships featured in this issue have played a role in Australia's maritime history. The Frances Henty was constructed in 1852 and named after the wife of Portland Bay patriarch Thomas Henty. The vessel carried passengers, gold and wool between London and Victoria.

The clipper barque Phoenician of the White Star line was the first clipper ship to come to Australia, arriving in Port Jackson on 21 July 1849, taking 91 days from England. The painting of the Australian clipper ship Arabian, by CP Williams, was lithographed by John Raphael Isaac, medallist to HRH Prince Albert. The clipper barque Monkchester, was painted in 1865 by John Scott, a noted English oil painter from Newcastle.

The Red Jacket (cover) set a speed record on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic in January 1854. The ship's subsequent voyage was to Melbourne in the then unprecedented time of 67 days non-stop.

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