The Romanian Parliament decided, by Law no. 28/2011 of March 11th, that the Remembrance Day of the Roma Slavery Abolition should take place every year, on February 20th.
In this context, Romfilatelia dedicates to the Roma minority a postage stamps issue entitled Roma people in Romanian painting. The minority is represented nationally by the National Agency for Roma.
The vision of the Agency consists in a policy of transparency, both locally and within the Roma communities, of programs and projects, whose goal is to establish a dialogue involving all participants, including the civil society.
Romanian Government considers social inclusion of Roma as an aspect which should be reflected on the overall agenda of every central and local public institution.
The postage stamps of the issue illustrate the following works of art belonging to Iosif Iser (lei 3.30), Nicolae Grigorescu (lei 4.30), Pierre Bellet (lei 4.50) and Nicolae Vermont(lei 8.10).
The paintings reproduced on the stamps belong to the collection of the National Museum of Art of Romania.
Iosif Iser (1881 - 1958) graduated from high school in Bucharest, and studied painting in Munich and Paris. He worked in France at the Rancon Academy, collaborating also with French publications to which he was providing satirical drawings. In 1936, together with Camil Ressu, Gheorghe Petrascu, Alexandru Steriade and other painters, he co-founded the "Arta" group. He participated to various exhibitions in Romania and abroad.
He was initially inspired by Expressionism, but following some trips to Spain and the East, Iosif Iser adopts a clearer range of colours, with an exotic shading, his paintings achieving a state of equilibrium and grandeur. In 1955 he was elected member of the Romanian Academy.
Nicolae Grigorescu (1838 - 1907) is considered the Master of Romanian painting. Beginning with 1861, together with Auguste Renoir, he visits regularly Sebastien Cornu's studio in Paris. Not long after, he joins the Barbizon School where he will complete his artistic education. Starting with 1873, he visits Rome, Naples, Pompei, then Greece, and Wien in Austria to study. After 1890, the painter moves to Romania where most of his paintings depict rustic subjects: portraits of peasants, oxen carts, traditional Romanian landscapes.
Pierre Bellet (1865 - 1924) was a Romanian painter, coming from a French family and born in Galati. There are no public data about his activity in the Romanian school, but it is known that he attended the National School of Fine Arts in Paris, being a free auditor in the workshops of Alexander Cabanel and Benjamin-Constant. The first will exert a profound influence, at least around the year 1900 (compositions with orientalist notes, historical themes, etc.). He is present twice at the Official Salon in the French capital (1890, 1891) and succeeds to be rewarded with a mention both times. After returning home, he works in Bucharest, and his art reaches its climax in the early 20s when he creates portraits of princes, rulers and kings of the Union Hall in Alba Iulia.
Nicolae Vermont (1866 - 1932) was a Romanian painter and engraver. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest with Theodor Aman, then in Munchen and Paris.
He excelled in the painting inspired by the lives of ordinary people, which he illustrated with deep emotion.