With this issue of On This Day the Spanish Correos remembers three episodes from different eras and with different characteristics, they are:The Pilgrimage of Saint Francis of Assisi to Santiago de Compostela, the Millennium of the Kingdom of Badajoz, and the birth of Blas de Lezo.
The first stamp commemorates the VIII Centenary of the Pilgrimage of Saint Francis of Assisi to Santiago de Compostela and recalls the journey of the Franciscan through Spain, in 1214, teaching the Gospel.
Saint Francis of Assisi (Assisi, Italy 1182-id., 1226), son of a wealthy merchant, publically renounced his paternal wealth to dedicate himself to preaching and helping the poor. He founded the Franciscan Order, the "Friars Minor", basing the religious ideal on poverty, tending to the ill, and serving others. In collaboration with Saint Clare of Assisi, he founded, in 1212, the Franciscan Order of Poor Ladies or, "The Poor Clares". Years later he dedicated himself to a life of contemplation and he received the stigmata of the wounds of Christ. He wrote the poem the Canticle of the Creatures or the Canticle of Brother Sun, which had much influence on Spanish mystic poetry.
The second issued stamp commemorates the Millennium of the Kingdom of Badajoz.
In the year 1013, and following the fall of the Caliphate of Cordoba, the Kingdom of Badajoz was founded. It was due to the freed slave known as Sabur or Sapur who was proclaimed independent king of the Portuguese and Spanish Extremadura. At his death, in 1022, the rights of his children privileges were usurped by the Andalusian Berber Abdallah ibn al-Thrush, beginning the Aftasi dynasty that lasted until 1094. During this period, Badajoz enjoyed its golden age, with great development of the arts and sciences.
The Aftasis were followed by the Almoravids and the Almohads. In 1230, the Kingdom of Badajoz was conquered by Alfonso IX of Leon, and became part of the Christian kingdoms.
The third stamp commemorates the 325th Anniversary of the birth of Blas de Lezo.
Blas de Lezo y Olavarrieta (Pasajes, Guipuzcoa, 1689 – Cartagena de Indias, 1741) was one of the most important seamen in the Spanish armada. He participated in key events against the Berbers of Algiers, Great Britain, and the pirates of the Pacific, turning Spain into a great naval power. He lost an eye and mutilated an arm and a leg, but his training, courage, and honesty in the defence of Spanish interests elevated his figure to one of the greatest strategists of naval history.