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Modern design and architecture of Hungary

Modern design and architecture of Hungary
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StampNews.com is glad to inform that Hungarian Post has released a set of three stamps dedicated to its modern design and architecture. The stamps depict the building of the Royal University Library and the Royal Land Archives.

The building of the Royal University Library and the Royal Land Archives, completed in 1913, is among the most representative examples in the series of "temples" of national culture built in the parks of the Green Horseshoe in Zagreb.

The building of the Royal University Library and the Royal Land Archives, completed in 1913, is among the most representative examples in the series of "temples" of national culture built in the parks of the Green Horseshoe in Zagreb. We are dealing here with the masterpiece in which the principles of modern architecture and design combined with the functionality and aesthetics of the Art Nouveau's Gesamtkunstwerk are in the best way unified with the presentation of cultural policy.

In response to the bidding "for building new Land Library and for new environment arrangement in the Western Park" published in 1909, from nine received bids the project by Rudolf Lubynski (1873-1935), one of the protagonists of Art Nouveau in Croatia, was selected.

Monumental "library palace" in Zagreb was designed according to highest library standards of the period. At that time the most advanced technology of building with iron reinforced concrete skeleton on steel bearings with concrete protection coating and concrete ceiling partitions was used and this complex enterprise was entirely accomplished by national builders.

Modular space organization enabled a pronounced functional structure of the interior composed of areas serving different purposes, with the center of gravity on the central axe connecting all spaces of the building from the main entrance and vestibule with staircase to the first floor and through atrium to the great Student Reading Room with 176 seats.

As for the painting and sculpture decorations which create an integral iconographic program of the spiritual identity of national culture, leading Croatian artists of the time were engaged. The themes were chosen by the district-prefect of the time, the nobleman Janko Jelačić and the positioning of particular decorations was decided by Lubynski.

As a whole and in every particular detail, the building of the Royal University Library and the Royal Land Archives - today the Croatian State Archives - fulfils the tendency of the Art Nouveau style toward total artistic work. Its final reach is the synthesis of architecture, visual arts and design, while it achieves its real meaning in becoming the quality of everyday life, comparable with European concepts of the time.

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