The Polish Post issued a stamp to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the birth of Oskar Kolberg (February 22, 1814 – June 3, 1890), a Polish ethnographer, folklorist, and composer.
He was born in Przysucha, the son of Juliusz Kolberg, a professor at Warsaw University, and Fryderyka Mercoeur. His family's acquaintances included Samuel Linde, Mikolaj Chopin (father of Frederic Chopin), and Kazimierz Brodzinski.
He is best known for his work titled Lud (re-published as Dziela Wszystkie), a compilation of folk traditions from all the Polish regions. Between 1857–1890 he published 33 volumes and after his death a further 3 volumes were published. The compilation contains 12,000 folk songs, 1250 folk tales, 670 fairy tales, 2700 proverbs, 350 riddles, 15 folk spectacles and many other ethnographic documents.
Kolberg also compiled some ethnographic information on neighboring regions.
He died in Krakow.