Despite being an independent State with its own Government and heritage, the Island of Jersey has always remained loyal to the Crown. Formerly part of Normandy, in 1204 when Crown territories in France were lost, the Channel Islands swore their allegiance to the English King John. As a result Jersey, together with the other Islands, was granted its independence as a Peculiar of the Crown. This loyal relationship became further engrained during the English Civil War when Charles I was deposed as King and England became a Republic under Parliamentarian rule. Jersey's establishment afforded safe refuge on the Island to his son, the exiled Prince of Wales, on two occasions, initially for two months between April and June 1646, and again for five months from September 1649. When King Charles I was beheaded on 30 January 1649, Parliament proclaimed "Any person who shall presume to proclaim Charles Stuart, commonly called The Prince of Wales, to be King shall be deemed a traitor and suffer accordingly."
Despite this, on 18 February 1649, Jersey proudly proclaimed Charles II as King.
Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, marking the end of Parliamentarian rule in England. As a mark of gratitude for its hospitality and protection, on 28 November 1663 the King presented the Bailiff of Jersey with the Royal Mace. An outstanding piece of craftsmanship, the Royal Mace itself measures 4ft 9 1/2 inches (1.46 m) in length, weighing 14Ib 13oz (6.72 kg) and constructed from 11 pieces of silver gilt. The phrase "Not all doth he deem worthy of such a reward", which is shown printed vertically in gold on the miniature sheet is part of a translation of the inscription engraved on the Knop at the foot of the Mace, extolling the King's gratitude. Today, the Royal Mace remains as a symbol of Jersey's longstanding loyalty to the Crown, used for ceremonial purposes and is presented standing upright in front of the Bailiff's desk at all sittings of the Royal Court and the States.