Russian post is to issue a stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of Kolomensky Zavod, the largest company in Russia specializing in railway and power engineering, produced on its own design and technological developments.
Kolomensky Zavod was founded in 1863 by a military engineer Amand Struve, who was contracted to build a railway bridge across the Oka River in Kolomna.
Starting from its establishment the Enterprise was associated with railway transport.
Initially the site specialized in bridging, for which purpose an imported steel had been used before. In 1865 the site implemented production of railway cars, platforms, tank cars (total of 75,000 cars of different types were manufactured).
In 1869 Kolomensky Zavod was one of the first in Russia to start manufacturing of steam locomotives, to implement mass production (main-line, industrial and narrow gauge steam locomotives) and to create steam locomotives based on its own design. Along with the locomotive building shipbuilding was being developed at the enterprise: starting from 1878 river wheel steamers, tugboats and passenger steamers, marine steam schooners were manufactured. All in all 128 steamships were manufactured.
Nowadays, the main activities of the enterprise are design, production and maintenance of main-line locomotives (passenger and freight diesel locomotives and passenger electric locomotives), diesel units (medium-speed diesel engines and diesel generators for diesel locomotives, power plants, heavy dump trucks and ships).
Kolomensky Zavod is the only Russian manufacturer of main-line passenger diesel locomotives, builder of the first domestic main-line high-speed electric passenger AC locomotives EP200, passenger electric DC locomotives EP2K, freight diesel locomotives 2TE70. Passenger locomotives TEP70 that were manufactured during the period from 1988 to 2006 ensure for a significant part of passenger traffic at nonelectrified sections of railways in Russia and CIS countries. Kolomensky Zavod is the largest Russian manufacturer of medium-speed 450-5000 kW engines.