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Austria: St. Anne’s Column, Innsbruck

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The 13 m high St. Anne's Column in the middle of Maria-Theresien-Strasse in Innsbruck was erected to commemorate the defeat of the Bavarian invasion in 1703. It provides an excellent view of the Hafelekar mountain, from where the snow glistens well into spring. The Elector Max Emanuel of Bavaria, son-in-law of Emperor Leopold I, joined in the War of the Spanish Succession on the side of the French, and invaded Tyrol with an army. After the fall of Kufstein Fortress, the Bavarians marched into Innsbruck without meeting any resistance. However, the victory of the Tyrolean Landsturm under Landrichter Martin Sterzinger at the Pontlatzbrucke beyond Landeck triggered a popular uprising. The Bavarians encountered fierce resistance and the Elector withdrew to Bavaria again. It was on the Feast of St. Anne (July 26) 1703 that the enemy left Innsbruck.

On March 15, 1704, the Tyrolean Estates resolved to erect a monument as a sign of gratitude for the deliverance from the enemy. They also pledged to make an annual procession on July 26, the Feast of St. Anne, from what was then the Municipal Church of St. Jacob (now the Cathedral) to the commemorative column. The 4000 Guilder commission was awarded to the Trento sculptor Christophoro Benedetti (1660

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