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Icelandic Waterfalls

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Waterfalls usually distinguish 'young' landscapes in which rivers have not yet managed to wipe out the obstacles in their courses. The great number of waterfalls in Iceland may partly be explained by the youth of the country in terms of geological history. Geologists divide waterfalls into two main categories. On the one hand, waterfalls which form because of river erosion due to varying bedrock consistency; and on the other hand, waterfalls which form because of faults, crack formation, wave and glacial erosion, and various kinds of damming. The Oxararfoss waterfall is a typical waterfall of the fault type. Skeifarfoss, at Tjornes, is one of these. Hjalparfoss is one example of such, falling from one of the many Pjorsa lava fields. The waterfall Glymur, in Hvalfjordur's Botnsa river, is Iceland's highest waterfall at 190 m. The beautiful waterfall Faxi is on the Tungufljot river, which originates in the heights above Haukadalur, formed by many spring-fed tributaries.

Day of issue : 18-05-2006
Printing process : Offset
Number in Sheet : 10
Printer : Cartor
Size : 54.95x24 - 30x48 mm
Designer : Elsa Nilsen
Value : 55, 65, 75, 95, 220 ISK

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