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History of Russia: 275th Birth Anniversary of Empress Catherine

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Catherine II's reign was notable for wanton development of Russian science and culture: painting and architecture, theatre and education, literature and history, sculpture and geography. This was a period famous for expeditions led by scientists.

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The time of Catherine II's reign is famous for enlightenment reforms. Institutes, cadet corps and foundling-hospitals were established. Catherine II was the first to try to establish in Russia a system of primary education for everybody except for bonds.

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In spite of the fact that Legislative Commission had been working just for a year, its work was useful. According to the material gathered by the Commission Catherine II passed several laws on behalf of the development of Russian society.

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Catherine's push to the Black Sea led to the two long and bloody wars between Russia and Turkey (1768-1774 and 1787-1791), where Russia was a winner. Due to the victories Russia annexed Northen Prichernomorie and Crimea.

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Catherine II takes the place of honour among other Russian monarchs. Due to the empress and her companions, Catherine II's reign was a period of great victories of Russia, of the rise of Russian culture and of significant reforms. That is why this period is called Golden Age of the Russian Empire.

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