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South Africa: The Ecology of Table Mountain

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1. Cape Sugarbird: This unique sugarbird is easily recognised by its exceptionally long wispy tail. Its preferred habitat is stands of flowering proteas on mountain slopes in the Fynbos. The Cape Sugarbird is confined to the Fynbos biome in the Western and Eastern Cape Provinces of South Africa. It has a complex song, including starling-like chirps and whistles, as well as harsh, grating noises.

2. Dark Opal: An extended opalescent blue bordered by black and a hint of orange is the striking feature of the male of this butterfly. The Dark Opal belongs to genus of butterflies that has numerous species that are endemic to South Africa of which many are confined to the Fynbos of the Western Cape. These butterflies are associated with cocktail ants which accompany the butterfly larvae to their nests during the day and again at night when the larvae venture out to feed on the host plant. Though the dark opal is widespread in the Cape Fold Mountains the nominate subspecies appears to be extinct in the localities previously recorded in the Cape Peninsula

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